Find Your Edge


Analysis, Circle of Competence, Contrarian, Independent thinking, Investment Process

In my previous post, I wrote that to achieve outperformance or above-average returns, your investment process has to be ‘unconventional’ compared to the majority. And that can only be achieved through originality, independent or contrarian thinking, and making connections from disparate information.  Bill Miller, the former Legg Mason portfolio manager, emphasizes the importance of making […]

September 15, 2019

Scale Economies


Analysis, Moat, Scale Economies, Strategy

Scale economies is one of the seven moats of quality companies.  Scale economies mean the fixed cost per unit falls as volume increases. Fixed cost is indivisible. And indivisibilities are more likely when an activity is capital intensive. The 3 main sources where scale arises are distribution, manufacturing and niche market.  A dense distribution network […]

September 2, 2019

10 Lessons on Moats


Capital Allocation, Compounder, Moat, Strategy

Moat is independent of market size The common misunderstanding for moat like scale economies is that it only exist in large markets. While a company has to reach a certain size to achieve scale advantage, it is in relative to the size of its competitors, not the size of the market. A company that is […]

July 25, 2019