Supply – How to find quality businesses


Compounder, Moat, Scale Economies, Value Creation

What differentiates a good business that earns a long-term above-average return from a mediocre business that, at best, only earns a return close to its cost of capital? A good business can control its supply while a mediocre business can’t.  Take Ferrari. Ferrari has a 24% operating margin with above-average return on capital, higher than […]

Scale Economies


Analysis, Moat, Scale Economies, Strategy

Scale economies is one of the seven moats of quality companies.  Scale economies mean the fixed cost per unit falls as volume increases. Fixed cost is indivisible. And indivisibilities are more likely when an activity is capital intensive. The 3 main sources where scale arises are distribution, manufacturing and niche market.  A dense distribution network […]

10 Lessons on Moats


Capital Allocation, Compounder, Moat, Strategy

Moat is independent of market size The common misunderstanding for moat like scale economies is that it only exist in large markets. While a company has to reach a certain size to achieve scale advantage, it is in relative to the size of its competitors, not the size of the market. A company that is […]

Books on Moats & Competitive Advantage


Books, Competition, Moat, Strategy

I have always interested to find out what makes a company tick. Why some companies succeed while others fail? What enables a company to grow continuously for decades when others fail to maintain that even for a few years. Is it management? The nature of the industry? The products a company offers? Or is it […]

The 7 Moats of Quality Companies


Competition, Moat, Strategy

Why is the reason that some companies can grow their business at a high return for decades while others failed to do so or falter after a few years of outstanding growth? What separates them? Is it because of the management? Or is it something else? More importantly, what is the commonalities amongst these high […]